Is your portfolio positioned to benefit from the growth opportunities in global financials?

Kokkie Kooyman
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Despite the fact that global financials are set to benefit from the current macro cycle, have very favourable valuations, and should be one of the largest beneficiaries of the ongoing growth to value rotation, portfolio allocations to the sector generally remain light. In this article, Kokkie Kooyman explains why we believe that now is a good time to invest in global financials. An important highlight is the potential growth opportunity to be gained from the significant discount that banks are trading at relative to the market. He explains why there is room for this valuation spread to normalise this year, which should yield 20-45% upside for banks. He also provides an update on how the Denker Global Financial Fund is positioned to take advantage of these opportunities.

One must understand the macro outlook when you invest in global financials. 

At Denker Capital, we do this by looking at various scenarios. Below we explain why we give the highest probability to the scenario that 2021 could be the start of a multi-year earnings growth expansion from global financials.

There are several indicators that lead us to believe now is a good time to invest in global financials.

Macroeconomic cycle
• Consumer spending from the $1.9 trillion Biden aid package will most certainly push the US economy to run above capacity, igniting inflationary pressures. The planned $3 trillion infrastructure spending package will increase those pressures even further from 2022 onwards.
• This will most likely mark the end of a 10-year period of continuously low interest rates. The US 10-year yield has started signalling this shift.
• Where we are now in the cycle (just exiting a recession) is normally the best time to invest in banks due to increased demand for credit and lower bad debt charges. However, with a higher inflation outlook, the bank sector will get the additional benefit of wider interest margins through higher interest rates.

US specifics
• Overwhelming evidence points to the fact that the second and third quarters of 2021 will bring very strong US consumption growth, which means year-on-year (YoY) earnings growth will be exceptionally strong.
• The US Federal Reserve (the Fed) has announced that those US banks that pass a capital test will be able to make their own decisions about how much they want to allocate to paying dividends and buying back shares. This is a material change because since 2008, they first had to get permission from the Fed before paying any dividends or committing to buybacks. This means that the excess capital that has built up during the Covid-19 period can be paid out to shareholders, which at the same time will reduce bank capital levels and therefore increase returns on capital.
• The above, combined with the steepening yield curve and the prospect of higher interest rates after a 10-year downward rate cycle, means that banks could be at the beginning of a multi-year earnings expansion cycle.

EU specifics
• The EU will benefit indirectly from stronger US growth (both via exports and US long bond yields).
• EU financials remain cheap relative to the MSCI World Index.

Figure 1: Consensus estimates of the MSCI Europe Financials Index price earnings relative to the MSCI World Index

Source: FactSet, 23 March 2021

• The heavy regulatory hand has helped suppress growth in the EU. However, similar to US banks, EU banks are now well-capitalised and ready to pay large dividends of 6% and more.
• Banks have adapted to the negative interest rate environment by ‘paying’ negative interest rates on deposits. This, along with their focus on efficiency in both their front office and back office, means that returns on capital have started increasing and bank management teams like that of ING in the Netherlands are targeting return on equity (ROE) rates of 10-12%.
• ING, for example, is trading at a discount to tangible net asset value (NAV) of approximately 30%, which means it is very attractively valued. The good banks in EU are not value traps.

Global financial valuations
Absolute valuations remain close to 2008 panic levels.

Figure 2: MSCI World Financials Index price to last reported book value over a 20-year period 

Source: FactSet, 30 March 2021

Global financials relative to global valuations
While the global banking system is very healthy, the global financials index is trading at its widest discount relative to the MSCI World Index this century.

Figure 3: Consensus estimates of the MSCI World Financials Index price earnings relative to the MSCI World Index

Source: FactSet, 23 March 2021

How is the Denker Global Financial Fund positioned to benefit?

• We have 31% invested in the US.
– Roughly half of this is in US banks.
– We have started switching some of this exposure into the property and casualty insurance (P&C) sector since investors are ignoring the rate-hardening cycle and instead focusing on the interest rate cycle.
• We have 11% invested in Europe.
– Of this, only 5% is in core Europe (mostly in ING in the Netherlands).
– The other 6% is in Central Eastern Europe.
• We have a further 28% in Switzerland, the UK and Scandinavia.
• The rest is in strong emerging market countries like India, Indonesia, Russia, Korea, and Mexico.
– The UBS global research team recently forecast 2021 loan growth for these countries at 9%+ versus 2% for the EU and US.

We continue to look for mispriced opportunities within this global recovery.
Our experience and intimate knowledge of the sector allows us to continuously identify the best management teams and to invest when the shares are mispriced. Spectacular successes in 2020 included Tinkoff, Signature Bank, HDFC Bank and UBS. A country we have started investing in in January this year is Korea. Banks there are hated and are now amongst the cheapest banks in the world. This is despite the country’s export growth being strong (15% YoY as reported last week) and banks growing shareholder value consistently at an average of 9%+ per year. Trading at 0.4x price to NAV is exceptional value.

Many investors are at risk of missing out on significant growth opportunities that the further re-rating cycle offers.
Don’t be one of them.

Kokkie Kooyman


The information in this material belongs to Denker Capital (Pty) Ltd (Denker Capital).  This information should only be evaluated for its intended purpose and may not be reproduced, distributed or published without our written consent.   While we have undertaken to provide information that is true and not misleading in any way, all information provided by Denker Capital is not guaranteed and is for illustrative purposes only.  The information does not take the circumstances of a particular person or entity into account and is not advice in relation to an investment or transaction. Because there are risks involved in buying or selling financial products, please do not rely on any information without appropriate advice from an independent financial adviser.  We will not be held responsible for any loss or damages suffered by any person or entity as a result of them relying on, or not acting on, any of the information provided.

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The Denker Global Financial Fund is a sub-fund of Sanlam Universal Funds Plc, a company incorporated with limited liability as an open-ended umbrella investment company with variable capital and segregated liability between sub-funds under the laws of Ireland and authorised by the Central Bank. The Manager of the fund is Sanlam Asset Management (Ireland) Limited (Beech House, Beech Hill Road, Dublin 4, Ireland, Tel + 353 1 205 3510, Fax + 353 1 205 3521) which is authorised by the Central Bank of Ireland, as a UCITS Management Company, and an Alternative Investment Fund Manager, and licensed as a Financial Service Provider in terms of Section 8 of the FAIS Act. Sanlam Collective Investments (RF) (Pty) Ltd is the South African Representative Office for these funds.

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About the author

  • Kokkie Kooyman

    Kokkie manages the award-winning Denker Global Financial Fund and its rand-denominated feeder fund. In 1989 he joined Old Mutual where he filled various investment management roles over 10 years, the last being Head of the Financial Services Sector. From 1999, Kokkie spent five years managing the local and global financial funds at Coronation Fund Managers. He established SIM (Sanlam Investment Management) Global in 2004, which merged with SIM Unconstrained Capital Partners to form Denker Capital. Kokkie has received the prestigious UK-based Investment Week’s Fund Manager of the Year award four times (2010-2013) in the financials category. The funds that Kokkie has managed over the years have received a range of industry awards. These include a Morningstar award for the Denker Global Financial Fund as well as Raging Bull awards for the Nedgroup Investments Financials Fund and the Denker SCI Global Equity Feeder Fund (the South African-registered feeder fund for the Denker Global Equity Fund).

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